Some people have unpleasant jobs. No, let’s not mince words. Some people do jobs that make most of us gag and contemplate suicide just knowing they exist. What these jobs are is a matter of personal opinion, and I won’t start a fight with any accountants by giving some examples of my list. But there is something important in there. What jobs are good and what jobs are bad is largely a matter of opinion.
Recently the question came up as to how to make people do unpleasant jobs without having a lower class. I had already considered this question, and I had my answer ready: you don’t force people to do anything.
All jobs that can be done fall into one of two distinct categories. The job is either worthwhile, or it is not. If the job is worthwhile then there will be someone who will want to do it. Take something small, like washing the dishes. Most people do not like washing the dishes, but it is worthwhile. And because it is worthwhile, eventually someone will wash the dishes. In fact, usually the benefits of having clean dishes is so high that many people who hate washing dishes do it anyway, just so they have the benefit of clean dishes. And some really odd people actually like washing dishes. :p
Now take a worthless job, like sweeping the desert. Obviously you would have to either pay someone a lot to get them to do this, or otherwise force them to do it. But if the job is worthless, why should it be done at all? Do we really have such an excess of resources that we can afford to throw them away on such worthless tasks?
If we don’t have such an excess now, why would we have such an excess then? Any task sufficiently beneficial to a society will be done by the society, no matter how disgusting or boring they may seem to us.